US to give Mozambique $400m to fight HIV/Aids
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US to give Mozambique $400m to fight HIV/Aids

Posted ARNALDO VIEIRA in Luanda

on  Wednesday, September 13  2017 at  12:51

The US will disburse $400 million to Mozambique to help fight HIV/Aids, the media reported.

VOA Radio said the money would be used for the enlargement of prevention services and treatment.

The deal, disclosed VOA Radio, was formally inked in an accord by the US ambassador to Maputo, Mr Dean Pitman and the southern African country's Health minister, Ms Nazira Abdula.

It gave the period of the implementation as October 2017 to September 2018.

The initiative, the VOA report said further, would help in identifying new cases and the increasing the antiretroviral treatment.

Regional variations

The central province of Zambézia will be the main focus area, according to the VOA Radio report.

Mozambique's national HIV prevalence is estimated at 11.5 per cent, with substantial regional variations, ranging from 17.8 per cent in the south, to 5.6 per cent in the north.

At the end of 2016, there were an estimated 1.6 million people living with HIV/Aids in Mozambique, with a higher prevalence among women at 13.1 per cent versus 9.2 per cent among men.

Prevalence among adolescent girls and young women was estimated at 11 per cent. Of the estimated number of people living with, 56 per cent were currently on antiretroviral treatment.

Life expectancy

The HIV epidemic has contributed to a reduced life expectancy of 55 years, and there were approximately 1.8 million orphaned children in Mozambique.

According to the lobby group, Averting HIV and Aids, east and southern Africa was the region hardest hit by HIV/Aids globally.

The region that is home to 6.2 per cent of the world’s population, has 19 million people living with HIV/Aids, over 50 per cent of the global total.

In 2015, the region recorded 960,000 new HIV infections, 46 per cent of the world's total.

The poorest

South Africa alone accounted for 40 per cent of the region’s new infections in 2015, with another 50 per cent occurring in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe, according to the NGO.

Mozambique has a population of 24 million challenged by a generalised HIV epidemic.

It has 10 provinces and ranks 180th on the UN Human Development Index out of 188 countries.

Mozambique remains one of the poorest in the world, with many people living on less than $1 a day.